Cognition for a collaborative decision making
Cognition, in the context of a connected city, is the process of continuous learning by different urban systems through an enhanced automated workflow powered by suitable Internet of Things (IoT) interventions and reliable communication like 5G, which allow them to learn from the past and adapt to regular changes. Cognition enables city authorities to better manage the challenges of rapid urbanization. Cognitive IoT, and AI/ML based systems and technologies advance smart city architecture to support innovative applications. Some of these applications place high demands on bandwidth, but can have huge potential to improve critical aspects of cities like intelligent intersections for road safety, location-dependent services for better mobility, vehicle to infrastructure (V2I) for better traffic management, and in-vehicle internet to support autonomous vehicles. By combining cognitive analytics with 5G communication, Cognitive Cities can perform collaborative decision-making in various departments within city government, which helps to achieve a dynamic, ever-changing cityscape that is flexible and resilient. For example, if a hyper-localized weather monitoring system predicts heavy rain in a city area, the traffic management system can divert the traffic to avoid water-logged areas as well as trigger emergency response team and other urban authorities to be ready for evacuation of citizen in that area or handle any untoward incident, through a faster collaborative decision making, involving multiple agencies.
A confluence of 5G, IoT and Edge AI empower Cognitive Cities
5G, IoT, and Edge AI are transforming the world we live in. Cognitive deployment in different sectors within a city like transportation, utilities, health care and construction, among others, ease operations and management, thereby reducing the scope of manual interventions. 5G, along with Edge AI, will enhance this experience multifold, resulting in real-time monitoring and control, better resource utilization, and reduced cost. Traditional urban intelligence can be freed from silos and integrated to give a holistic view of the city.
The infrastructure of cloud-edge combination powered by 5G communication will facilitate a seamless connection between urban systems and the various stakeholders. Think of a city with a water distribution network with zero leakage and zero waste, and no human intervention to operate valves — all driven with close loop need-based water distribution with cognitive capabilities. Similarly, this can impact city traffic with near zero wait time at junctions and near zero accidents.
Citizens at the core of cognition initiatives
5G network can communicate within 1 milli second in comparison to 4G, which is above 40 milli second. The combination of high density — the speed to upload and download data — and low latency, which compresses the time between sending and receiving signals, will transform cities. Most of the 5G and IoT infrastructure being created in the urban space is aimed at catering to the people who live in urban areas. This transformation of a city from smart to cognitive with 5G as a catalyst, will significantly improve several quality-of-life indicators. The reimagined city will be resource conscious as the cognitive ability offers a real-time performance and utilization in terms of faster communication between different sensors to application and between siloed systems, and that will unleash other dimensions that analyze and predict consequences. It eventually will be beneficial for citizens, city governments and, eventually, economic growth in the long run.