How the new direction of Human Capital Management (HCM) systems is making it an enabler of business, in a scenario where talent is the fuel for success.
Why do we need HCM systems?
In a day and age where managing a company’s human capital has never been more critical, systems that govern it are seeing the transformation as well; they are becoming enablers that directly impact the company’s bottom line. However, if we seek the HCM system’s reasons for existence, we need to go back to the early days when companies would leverage multiple software solutions to help with these tasks. It led to a tangled web of spreadsheets, standalone systems or add-ons to financial ERP. This is where HCM systems came in, with an integrated solution that would help companies comply with the laws of the land, save time, cut costs, and better leverage their most important asset – their people. There are three primary reasons for their existence: Compliance, Cost, and Talent.
A. Compliance (regulatory and legal): As businesses transcend borders, there is a need to comply with the laws of every land. Non-compliance with local government regulations puts the business at risk. Every company needs to comply with the local agencies and fulfill all reporting requirements. For example, some countries stipulate a minimum data retention law, while others have strict regulations related to the issue of physical payslips to employees. One of the measures of success for an HCM system is whether you can seamlessly manage compliance needs across geographies. The real value of HCM systems is unlocked when it integrates regulatory and workforce analytics to make better compliance-led decisions.
B. Cost: A good HCM system is a system of records that allows for greater cost efficiencies in the way a business can implement an HR strategy. Some examples of cost savings are:
C. Talent: While compliance and cost remain fundamental reasons, modern HCM systems today hinge on the third major raison d’êtretalent. Can an HCM system help the enterprise understand who the right kind of employee is, how to attract the right type of talent and engage and retain them? This is the new direction that HR systems are moving towards, an enabler of business in a scenario where talent is the fuel for business success. In a scenario where employee engagement and retention is a challenge, HCM systems need to evolve to keep pace with these changing realities, in crucial areas:
The triangle of influence
If we were to plot HR functions against the reasons for HCM systems to exist, we get a 30,000 feet view of the eco-system. The Triangle of Influence maps several HR functions on the three axes of Compliance, Cost Efficiency and Engagement. It is a graphical way to understand how these three drivers influence different HR functions. This does not mean that one function is more important than the other, but does illustrate the difference between the functions’ relevance across the axes. Breaking this down to a more granular level, we can accurately categorize the degree of influence that each of these factors has on the processes
Fig 1: HCM system Triangle identifies HR processes’ relevance across the three major reasons for HCM system’s existence. The closer a function is to a
What this triangle tells us is that modern HR thought processes need advanced systems that enable these thoughts. The focus on systems that deliver engagement as the core will lead to more significant successes for organizations.
One size does not fit all
How does a company choose an efficient HCM system? It turns out that the business realities govern this decision
In conclusion, HCM systems have moved from being a cost saving or regulatory compliance system to something that is core to the business the talent. Soon, crowd sourced continuous feedback mechanisms will replace performance management systems, learning will be peer-driven and gamified, timesheets and attendance will be based on mobile-location, and tasks will be crowd sourced to a distributed workforce. HCM systems will continue to create frameworks that will help businesses bring together data, processes, and empathy to focus on enabling the right people to be at their best for the organization and themselves.
Subhadeep Panda, Global Head, Oracle HCM Solutions
Subhadeep leads Oracle HCM solutions globally within Wipro. Within this role, he is responsible for growth in business for Oracle HCM within Oracle Practice. Subhadeep has an overall 16+ years of experience in IT service delivery, sales, pre-sales, and strategy. He is an HR domain expert and is a speaker at multiple forums, e.g. D&B HCM industry sessions and Oracle user group forums. Subhadeep holds an executive Post Graduate Diploma in Business Management from IIM Kozhikode and a Bachelor’s degree in Chemical Engineering from Jadavpur University. He is a certified Project Management Professional (PMP) and a Six Sigma Green Belt.